A small country of an area of 147181 sq km, Nepal is a prosperous country in southern Asia. It is basically located in the mountain range of Himalayas and thus it contains ten of the highest mountain peaks in the world including the highest one, Mt Everest. The Indian peninsula in the south, east and west and the country of China to the north completely lock the country and separate it from Bangladesh and Bhutan. Except the mountain or hill area Nepal contains a plain landscape known as Terai which is hugely fertile by Narayani, Kosi and Karnali, three major rivers of Himalayas, and the smaller rivers too.
Nepal is visited by every kind of tourists now and then. The sacred land of Nepal is worshiped by both the religious and nature-lover tourists all over the globe. Although it is the birth place of Buddhism, more than 80% people there are believers of Hinduism. Some people carry the believes of both the religions and others religions are Christianity, Islam, animism etc. Being such a place of religious importance Nepal holds a lot number of temples and monasteries. The temples in Pashupatinath, Boudhanath, Changu Narayan, Durbar Square, Swayambhunath are simultaneously important from religious, historical, and architectural aspect. Inside the Hanuman Dhoka Temple, you can go for a visit of history with the weapons, furniture, wooden and stone carvings, thrones, ornaments etc in the Tribhuwan Museum. If you are looking for an adventure, you should join a trekking to the base camp of Mt Everest and Kala Pattar through the Sherpa village. Not only trekking, Nepal is the one stop place for mountain biking, bungee jumping, rock climbing, mountaineering –all kind of daring mountain sports. The high hills and vast plains are suitable for flight sports like paragliding, used as launching and landing point respectively. Chitwan National Park, Sagarmatha National Park, Bardia National Park, Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve, Annapurna Conservation Area, Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve –all the forest areas are exquisite place for jungle safari, hunting or bird-watching. The mountain rivers are perfect for water sports like rafting, kayaking along with fishing, boating etc. Horse riding and golf are provided to entertain tourists in the wide valleys like Kathmandu Valley. With all the sightseeing places the colorful life-style of Nepali people and their culture, food are very much interesting and full of warmth.
Being the 93rd largest country in the world, Nepal offers a lot of purpose to visit the holy land at least once in your life. And while leaving you will take home a bucket of marvelous experience with you.
Places to Visit
The Kathmandu Valley is the most developed and populated place in Nepal. The majority of offices and headquarters are located in the valley, making it the economic hub of Nepal. It is popular with tourists for its unique architecture, and rich culture that includes the highest number of jatras in Nepal. The valley itself was referred to as "Nepal Proper" by British historians.
Akash Bhairav is a Hindu deity; one of the different forms of Bhairava.
The head of the Aakash Bhairav was dug up several hundred years ago in Kathmandu. The head sits in a Hindu temple in Indra Chowk Kathmandu not far from Durbar Square. It is taken out once a year on the occasion of Indra Jatra Festival and is blessed by the Kumari — the living goddess who lives in the nearby Kumari Chowk. This ceremony is held in the month of August/September In the period of ceremony large number of prayers come to visit the Aakash bhairav. During the ceremony prayers offers peda(sweets made from milk), flowers, money and several others things.
The traditional Akash Bhairav Puja is accompanied by Upasana and Anusthan. Sacred water, sandalwood, flowers, fruits, incense and naibedya are some of the offerings for this puja. Legend has it that worship of the Bhairav is usually a mark of safety and strength. In the Nepali imagination, the Akash Bhairav symbolizes protection and goodwill for the nation and its people.
Swayambhunath, is among the oldest religious sites in Nepal. According to the Gopālarājavaṃśāvalī Swayambhunath was founded by the great-grandfather of King Mānadeva (464-505 CE), King Vṛsadeva, about the beginning of the 5th century CE. This seems to be confirmed by a damaged stone inscription found at the site, which indicates that King Mānadeva ordered work done in 640 CE.
However, Emperor Ashoka is said to have visited the site in the third century BCE and built a temple on the hill which was later destroyed.
Although the site is considered Buddhist, the place is revered by both Buddhists and Hindus. Numerous Hindu monarch followers are known to have paid their homage to the temple, including Pratap Malla, the powerful king of Kathmandu, who is responsible for the construction of the eastern stairway in the 17th century.
The Pashupatinath Temple is a famous, sacred Hindu temple dedicated to Pashupatinath is located on the banks of the Bagmati River 5 kilometres north-east of Kathmandu Valley in the eastern city of Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal. This temple is considered one of the sacred temples of Hindu faith .The temple serves as the seat of the national deity, Lord Pashupatinath.This temple complex is on UNESCO World Heritage Sites's list Since 1979. This "extensive Hindu temple precinct" is a "sprawling collection of temples, ashrams, images and inscriptions raised over the centuries along the banks of the sacred Bagmati river" and is included as one of the seven monument groups in UNESCO's designation of Kathmandu Valley as a cultural heritage site. The temple is one of the 275 Paadal Petra Sthalams (Holy Abodes of Shiva) on the continent. Kotirudra Samhita, Chapter 11 on the Shivalingas of the North, in Shiva Purana mentions this Shivalinga as the bestower of all wishes. One of the major Festivals of the temple is Maha Shivaratri on which day over 700,000 devotees visit here
Boudhanath is a stupa in Kathmandu, Nepal. It is known as Khāsti in Nepal Bhasa, Jyarung Khasyor in Tamang language or as Bauddha by speakers of Nepali. Located about 11 km (6.8 mi) from the center and northeastern outskirts of Kathmandu, the stupa's massive mandala makes it one of the largest spherical stupas in Nepal.
The Buddhist stupa of Boudhanath dominates the skyline. The ancient Stupa is one of the largest in the world. The influx of large populations of refugees from Tibet has seen the construction of over 50 Tibetan Gompas (Monasteries) around Boudhanath. As of 1979, Boudhanath is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Along with Swayambhunath, it is one of the most popular tourist sites in the Kathmandu area.
The Stupa is on the ancient trade route from Tibet which enters the Kathmandu Valley by the village of Sankhu in the northeast corner, passes by Boudnath Stupa to the ancient and smaller stupa of Cā-bahī (often called 'Little Boudnath'). It then turns directly south, heading over the Bagmati river to Patan - thus bypassing the main city of Kathmandu (which was a later foundation). Tibetan merchants have rested and offered prayers here for many centuries. When refugees entered Nepal from Tibet in the 1950s, many decided to live around Boudhanath. The Stupa is said to entomb the remains of Kassapa Buddha.
Dakshinkali Temple or Dakshin Kali Temple, located 22 kilometres (14 mi) outside Kathmandu and about 1 kilometre (0.6 mi) outside the village of Pharping, is one of the main temples of Nepal dedicated to the goddess Kali. Animal sacrifices, particularly of cockerels and uncastrated male goats, are the main way that the goddess is worshipped, and this is especially seen during the Dashain festival.